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Psychological Effects Of Stress On A Person | Learn More...

Psychological Effects Of Stress On A Person


psychological effects of stress on a person



Stress is one of the most commonly used everyday words. Most of us are well aware of the fact that stress is a part of our life. I have seen many people who have taken stress as an opportunity and also have proven their mettle. Being honest, stress is not an absolute term but it's a relative term. Stress can be positive or negative. For example, stress due to a high level of competition in a positive environment is definitely a bonanza for an individual.

The way you see and evaluate a stressful situation is also very important. Before we discuss the psychological effects of stress on a person, it's advisable to have a look at two of my earlier articles related to psychological stress.

psychological effect of stress on a person


How many times you use the word STRESS in a day?

Can you figure out the main REASON behind STRESS?

What is the FIRST word that comes to your MIND when we talk about STRESS?


If we talk about the psychological effect of STRESS, you will be astonished to know that one blog post isn't enough to do so.

I will try to take you through some of the important psychological effects of stress that you should know.


In this post, I will concentrate on some of the important disorders that are the results of psychological stress.


psychological effects of stress


Do you know that stress can impact your behavior?

Generally, a mild level of stress isn't a big problem. We have to deal with stress in our everyday lives.

BUT...

The problem starts when the cortisol level aka "stress hormone" keeps on increasing and we keep on ignoring to address the cause of stress.

Slowly the symptoms start reflecting on our behavior.

BUT...

The problem is still we keep on ignoring the symptoms.

AND...

The problem becomes so severe that we aren't left with many options.

Remember, Prevention is always better than Cure.
psychological effects of stress on body


As per the article published in American Psychological Association, a poll was conducted on 2500 Americans across the country. You will be astonished to know that 49 % of the participants said that they had encountered "a stressful event in the last one year".

A prolonged exposure can lead to a headache, skin rashes, heart problems, and high blood pressure.

At times, stress can influence the cognitive processes as it is associated with elevated levels of cortisol- a hormone that can influence brain functioning.

There is a sudden change in the behavior of an individual when stress starts showing its impact.


psychological effects of stress on human behavior



  • Drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Anger outbursts.
  • Tobacco use.
  • Social withdrawal.
  • Ignoring exercising.
  • Overeating or undereating.

The psychological effects of stress on a person can also affect his mood.

  • Restlessness.
  • Anxiety.
  • Lack of focus or concentration.
  • Sadness.
  • Feeling overwhelmed.
  • Irritability or anger.
  • Lacks motivation.


A chronic stress can make you breathe harder. It's not a problem if you aren't suffering from asthma or any other lung disease.

Before we move further, let's have a look on some of the handpicked articles.


It has been found that chronic stress can lead to an asthma attack.  These asthma attack can lead to a narrowing of airways.

If a person is suffering from the above-mentioned problems then the best solution is to consult a psychiatrist and take a help and develop relaxation and breathing strategies.

When it comes to women, effects of stress differs depending upon whether the woman is pre or postmenopausal.

Postmenopausal women are at higher risk of heart disease because of loss of estrogen.

In premenopausal women, estrogen helps blood vessels to respond better to the stress. As a result, the body can better handle the stress and thus prevent premenopausal women against any heart disease.

There has been an instance of inflammation in the circulatory system, particularly in the coronary arteries due to persistent chronic stress.

An important psychological effect of stress on a person is the change in the level of cholesterol levels. The change in the level of cholesterol totally depends on how the person responds to the stress.

In the worst scenario, an intense level of stress for a prolonged period of time can take a toll on the body and mind leading to stroke, heart attack, hypertension etc.

When an individual is stressed, cortisol aka "stress hormone" is released from his body. To manage it liver produces glucose- a form of sugar which provides energy to the body to fight with the emergency stress.

If the additional energy is not fully utilized, the body absorbs it back in most of the cases but in some people who are vulnerable to type2 diabetes that extra sugar mean diabetes.
psychological effects of stress on liver


At times, stress results in eating more or less than usual. In the psychological stress, people increase the intake of alcohols. These type of variation in the eating behavior can lead to acid reflux or heartburn.

A severe stress makes your brain more sensitive towards your stomach. Many persons suffering from stress has been found to develop a feeling of butterfly, nausea or pain.

Sometime, you may even vomit because of stress. In some cases, people were found to have ulcer kind of pain even without having any kind of ulcer.

When it comes to bowel, stress can affect it also. An individual suffering from high level of stress can have a problem like constipation or indigestion. The absorbing capability of the intestine is also affected by stress.





Stress can affect your nervous system to a great extent but in a negative way. To understand the psychological effect of stress on the nervous system, you will have to first understand a few terminologies related to the nervous system.

Our nervous system consists of central division and peripherals division. The brain and spinal cord are the part of central division whereas somatic and autonomic are parts of the peripheral division.

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS), and the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS).are parts of the autonomic nervous system(ANS) which plays a direct role in responding to the stress.

The "fight" or "flight" response is generated by SNS when the body encounters a stressful situation.

In the case of a life-threatening situation, the body diverts all its energy towards the stressful event. The SNS plays a crucial role by sending the signal to the adrenal glands to release hormones called adrenaline and cortisol.

These hormones trigger an emergency situation by increasing the respiratory rate, heartbeat, increasing the glucose level in the blood.

An important point I want to make here is the damage caused due to chronic stress.

We all believe that the chronic stress does a lot of damage to the nervous system.

Yes, it's true BUT...

One thing we forget to take into consideration is the tear and bear of other parts of the body due to the activation of the nervous system. This tear and bear of the other parts of body damage the entire system much more than the effect of stress on the nervous system.


Even the reproductive systems of both male and female get affected by the psychological effects of stress.

In the male, a chronic stress can affect the production of testosterone leading to problems like erectile dysfunction or impotence.

In the female, a chronic stress can lead to menstruation problems and menopause problems. 

In some women, higher level of stress can lead to loss of sexual desire.


Conclusion: As discussed, the psychological effect of stress affects different parts of a human body. It's advisable to consult the psychiatrist as soon as you find yourself associated with these symptoms. Please lets us know your feedback on this article.

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