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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms | DECODED

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms

complex post traumatic stress disorder symptoms


Highlights:

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Definition.
  • Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments.
  • Conclusion.
The topic for today post is very sensitive. It's superlative cardinal indeed. In our last article, we talked out the Americans and how the stress is affecting them?

If this is the scenario of the developed countries, then what will be the scenario of underdeveloped or developing countries?



Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Definition

The post-traumatic stress disorder caused due to the shocking, scary, or dangerous event an individual experience in the journey called "Life".

After a traumatic situation, an individual can feel a drastic change in the psychological state of his mind. The "fight-or-flight" response is a typical response meant to protect an individual from any harm.

After post-traumatic stress disorder, an individual will experience lots of unusual symptoms. These symptoms will naturally go over time but if it doesn't go for any individual then there may be a chance that he is suffering from PTSD.

A very common symptom that almost every PTSD patient has is the fear of being in danger even though they are NO more.

Anyone can develop PTSD at any age. Some incident that can trigger PTSD are as follows:

  • War Veterans.
  • Terror Attack.
  • Car Accident.
  • Survivor Of Physical and Sexual Assault.
In most of the cases, an individual experience PTSD because of some very unusual and dangerous event but an incident like the sudden death of closed ones may trigger PTSD.

According to the National Center, women are more prone to PTSD as compared to men. Every individual is different so some are more prone to PTSD because of their genes. It is expected that seven persons out of  100 will develop this disease.

Before we discuss the various symptoms of PTSD, Let's have a look at some of my handpicked articles.



To understand PTSD, it is very important to understand various symptoms.

Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder:


  • Avoidance Symptom.
  • Re-experiencing Symptom.
  • Arousal and Reactivity Symptoms.
  • Cognition and Mood Symptoms.

These symptoms are very important to understand. It will definitely help an individual to at least get an idea that S/he is suffering from PTSD or NOT.


Cognition and Mood Symptoms:

  • Loss of interest in enjoyable activities.
  • Negative thoughts about the world.
  • Distorted feeling like guilt.
Most of the time, an individual feel alienated from the friends or family. It's very common to experience cognition and mood symptoms after a disastrous event or even due to loss of someone very close. But at the same time in the normal scenario, these symptoms fade away after a couple of week or months. If the symptoms still persist after a couple a week then it's necessary to consult a doctor at the earliest.

In most of the cases, PTSD is accompanied by depression, substance abuse, or anxiety.

Arousal and Reactivity Symptoms:

  • Experiencing continuous tension.
  • Anger outburst.
  • Being easily startled.

Re-experiencing Symptom:


  • Bad dreams.
  • Frightening thoughts.
  • Flashbacks.
Flashback is one of the very symptoms, a person who is experiencing or re-living the trauma again and again can be in great trouble. In most of the cases, flashback goes over the time but if this is NOT the case then consulting the psychiatrist is the only option.

Avoidance Symptom:

  • Avoiding thoughts, feeling, or objects that reminds you of the traumatic event.
  • Staying away from places.
Let's understand the avoidance symptoms with an example.

Suppose you were driving a car and it met with an accident. After the accident, you NOT only stopped driving the car but also started ignoring car as a medium from traveling.

This psychological change in your thought process comes under the avoidance symptom.

So to be diagnosed with PTSD, an individual must have these four symptoms at least for a month.

Generally, these symptoms start after 3 months after the traumatic event but in some cases, it may start after 6 months also.

To consider PTSD, these symptoms must be severe enough to interfere with the relationship or work.

When it comes to the children, they may react differently to PTSD. A child of fewer than 6 years of age react as follows:

  • Wetting the bed even after knowing to use the toilet.
  • Doing the act of the trauma event in front of friends or parents.
  •  Suddenly forgetting how to speak.
Older children may have symptoms similar to the adults.

Risk and Resilience are the two factors that will decide that whether an individual will develop PTSD or NOT.

We will have a look at these factors and their influence on PTSD.

Resilience Factor:

  • Behave in a normal way despite having a feeling of fear.
  • Mentally strong and having a coping strategy- Capability to cope up with the pain of the disastrous event.
  • Extrovert Personality- Able to express yourself, seeking help from friends, relatives, and family.
  • Learning and inculcating the feel-good factor after the traumatic event.

Risk Factor:

  • Childhood trauma.
  • Introvert- Not sharing your fear and pain with your loved one.
  • Having a history of mental illness or substance abuse.
  • No mental or emotional support after the event.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments:

  • Psychotherapy.
  • Meditation.
Every individual is different and reacts differently to the treatment. The treatment shows better results when an individual has mental and emotional support from the family. The PTSD is broadly categorized into two parts- Event Finished, Ongoing Event.


A car accident can be considered under the category of finished event whereas an abusive relationship comes under an ongoing event.

post traumatic stress disorder workbook


I will recommend you The PTSD workbook. This book can be of great help. Based on cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT), this book offers evidence-based therapy at a lower cost.

The author of this book is psychologist and trauma experts Mary Beth Williams and Soili Poijula.

post traumatic stress disorder sourcebook



Slowly and Gradually, The Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook is also gaining popularity. The author of this book is Glenn R. Schiraldi.

It introduces survivors, loved ones, and helpers to the remarkable range of treatment alternatives and self-management techniques available today to break through the pain and realize recovery and growth.


post traumatic stress disorder toolbox

When it comes to the toolbox for PTSD, EMDR is the one I love to recommend.

Key Features:

  • This book provides a theoretical framework to guide assessment and treatment of clients with Complex PTSD and serves as a "hands-on" resource for using specific EMDR procedures.
  • This book describes each intervention in detail, illustrating the nuances and variations in different applications and includes specific "AIP" tools, actual therapy scripts, and client drawings.
  • Covers DSM-V PSTD criteria.




Psychotherapy: This is an art of treating a mental illness by simply "talking". There are many types of Psychotherapy but every type involves talking. The mode of Psychotherapy can be one-to-one or group. The duration of Psychotherapy mostly ranges from 6 to 12 weeks but in some cases, it may last longer due to the intensity of the disease.

Some of the psychotherapy methods target on social, family, economic, and job-related problem while other targets at PSTD symptoms.

If needed a combination of therapy can also be used by the psychiatrist.

The therapy emphasized three important key components.


  • Educating about the PSTD symptoms.
  • Developing skill to find out the triggers of the symptoms.
  • Developing skill to handle the symptoms of PSTD.

One of the examples of Psychotherapy is cognitive behavioral therapy. CBT consists of exposure therapy and cognitive restructuring.

As the name suggests, exposure therapy exposes the patient to the trauma but in a safe way. This can be done by remembering the incident, writing or visiting the place of the incident.

It helps the patient to cope with the stress and fear.

Cognitive Restructuring helps the patient to understand what really happened. It was found that in many cases an individual has his own imagination of the way the event happened and because of his own imagination, a lot of time patient get stress or anxiety because he feels guilty for it. This therapy helps him to understand what really happened and thus try to take out the feeling of guilt from the unconsious mind.

Medication: Antidepressant is the most studied medication for PTSD and helps in controlling PTSD symptoms such as sadness, anger, worry and so on...

For the best results antidepressant must be taken along with Psychotherapy.

Doctors and patient can work together to find the correct dose.


Conclusion: The topic is very vast and we have tried our best to create a good content for post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Your feedback is very valuable and please give your suggestion to improve the article by commenting in the comment box.



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