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The Mental Effects Of Stress | Be Careful

The Mental Effects Of Stress

the mental effects of stress

Stress and Anxiety are the two very talked about words. Due to the present lifestyle, most of us experience stress in our life on a day-to-day basis. Sometimes short-term stress can benefit us also if taken in a positive way but unfortunately we humans are prone to the negative effect of stress.

Our body has a capacity to manage a certain level of stress but when the stress level suddenly increases or stress continues to remain for a longer period of time, our body starts showing the effect of stress. Our body needs time to recuperate from stress.

Before we start the discussion on the mental effects of stress, let's have a look at the handpicked articles from this blog.

Recently the American Psychological Association has conducted a survey regarding physical and mental stress and the results were mindboggling. Even I at the first glance do not believe the survey outcome. Almost 66 percents of the Americans regularly encounters physical symptoms of the stress and 63 percents of the Americans encounters psychological symptoms of stress.

A lot has been talked about links between stress and mental health but still, there isn't any solid proof or you can say the reason is still unclear.

Recently the researchers from the University of California, Berkeley have developed new insight into the correlation between the two parameters-stress and mental health.

The brain consists of white and the grey matter. An individual suffering from a stress-related problem such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD) will have a high density of white matters in the brain as compared to those whose mental health is good.

Grey Matter consists of two type of cells: neurons, which process and stores information, and glia, cells that support the neurons. White matters are mostly composed of axons, which forms a network of fibers to connect the neurons.

Hippocampus-It's the reason of brain that regulates memory and emotions.

An experiment was conducted on the Hippocampus region of the brain. The result of the experiment brought a lot of insight into the way brain cells function during chronic stress.

The experiment was conducted on the adult rats and it was during the experiment that they found the neural stem acting differently than expected.

Before this experiment, it was a general belief that these neural stem cell will become neurons or astrocyte cells, a type of glial cell.

The result of the experiment shows that these neural stem cells became oligodendrocyte, a type of glial cell. These are myelin-producing cells.

The study emphasizes the long-term impact on the effect of oligodendrocyte on mental health.

The neuron cells present in the brain is responsible for processing and transmitting the electrical signal responsible for learning and memory skill.

The researchers show that due to the chronic stress the stem cell in the brain is becoming myelin-producing cells rather than neurons leading to the complication.

This is just the beginning.

The research needs to be done on humans to get a better insight.

If we are able to detect the mental problems at an early stage then definitely health illness like anxiety and depression can be taken care off.

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Psychological Effects Of Stress:

Stress is a form of a chain reaction. A hormone named cortisol is released when an individual is stressed out. This hormone helps the individual to relax and get over the stress. The problem arises when an individual is either stressed out on a regular basis or get stressed for a longer duration. In both the scenario, the efficiency of the hormone named cortisol decreases and thus further leads to the health complication.

You will be surprised to know that the stress in itself is NOT a problem from the brain but the continuous build-up of stress in the brain can be a BIG problem in the long term.

Cortisol has multiple functions, the first and foremost is to restore the body function after a stress attack. Other functions include regulating blood sugar level in cells and taking care of the hippocampus region of the brain where memories are stored and processed.

In case of chronic stress, our body produces much more cortisol than the level that our brain can behold. A higher level of cortisol can lead to dysfunction of the brain. A severe level of stress can kill the brain cell and in some cases can reduce the size of the brain. Prefrontal cortex can get shrunk in case of chronic stress. An increase in the size of the Amygdala can make the brain more receptive to stress.

Conclusion: The mental effects of stress can be even life-threatening at times. It's always good to get a regular checkup of NOT only your body but also the brain.


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